X-ray is the oldest form of imaging, and where the field of radiology began. It is still the most common of radiology tests. A small dose of radiation is used to produce an x-ray image. X-rays are commonly used to evaluate the chest, abdomen, pelvis, joints, and extremities.
Fluoroscopy uses an oral contrast material that patients either drink or have placed into their colon via a rectal tube. This contrast shows up on x-ray images, allowing the visualization of various portions of your gastrointestinal tract. The examination is performed by a radiologist who directs the exam and takes x-ray pictures of your esophagus, stomach, small bowel, and colon.
CT scanning is sometimes also called CAT scanning. It is a noninvasive exam performed in an open doughnut-shaped machine. Radiation is used to produce data. Sophisticated computers create detailed images of your internal organs, that normally would not be visible. Depending on the type of CT, intravenous and/or oral contrast may be used. Detailed angiographic images can also be obtained using this method.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) uses a very powerful magnet and sophisticated computer algorithms to create detailed images of your internal organs. It is complementary to CT imaging and has revolutionized the practice of radiology. No radiation is used. Certain MRI scans require the use of intravenous contrast. To ensure your safety, a detailed safety questionnaire will have to be filled out to determine whether or not you can safely undergo an MRI.
Ultrasound sends high-frequency sound waves into your body, and then produces images from the sound waves that are reflected back. No radiation is used.
Nuclear medicine is a sophisticated method of imaging the physiologic processes in the body using a variety of medical-grade radioactive materials. RAF’s highly skilled professionals use specific materials and specialized imaging equipment to diagnose and treat disease processes in a safe manner.
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a type of nuclear medicine test. It is combined with CT imaging to detect cancer, determine how widespread the cancer is, and monitor treatment response.
Mammography uses low-dose x-rays to image the breast and detect breast cancer. When appropriate, ultrasound and MRI are also used for this purpose. All of these technologies are used for minimally invasive biopsies.
Ultrasound technology is used to visualize the organs of a fetus, and to look for any structural abnormalities. It is also used to make sure your baby is growing appropriately. Ultrasound is also used to evaluate the placenta, cervix, and amniotic sac.
X-rays of your hip and/or spine are used to calculate the density of your bones and determine whether or not you have osteoporosis
CT technology is used to measure the amount of calcium plaque in your coronary arteries. Calcium is a clinical marker for coronary artery disease, and a powerful predictor of heart attacks, sudden death, and other manifestations of coronary artery disease.
A type of nuclear medicine test that takes pictures of your heart after stress to determine if there are parts of your heart at risk for infarction (heart attack). Detection of these areas allows for treatment prior to an adverse cardiac event.
Both CT and MRI technology is used to evaluate your coronary arteries, heart muscle, and heart function. Anatomic and congenital abnormalities can also be detected.
Contrast material is injected into your joint under x-ray guidance. Images are then taken with x-ray and MRI or CT to diagnose abnormalities in your joints that may be causing you to have pain.
Virtual colonoscopy is a non-invasive CT technique to visualize your colon. No anesthesia, intravenous line, or colonoscopy is required. Air is introduced into your colon for accurate images to be obtained.
A low dose CT machine takes images of your chest during a single breath-hold. This technique can detect lung cancer much earlier than a chest x-ray.